Minuteman: October 2004

The Minuteman

The Newsletter of the Patriot Movement

Editor: Irish Jaeger

October 2004

A Patriot is merely a rebel at the start. In the beginning of a change, the patriot is a scarce and brave man, hated and scorned. When his cause succeeds however, the timid join him, for then it costs nothing to be a patriot.
—Mark Twain


Well folks its October—winter is on its way, time to switch over your BOBs from spring/summer to fall/winter, time to plan winter FTXs and other fun winter activities! Don’t forget—lots of extra pairs of socks, and warm drinks. I hope ya’ll find this issue interesting and that ya learn something from it—Enjoy! Irish

If you would like to submit material, for use in the newsletter, email the article (’s) to either: or Make sure in the subject line it says “Patriot Newsletter”. Here are the rules for submitting material: 1. No cussing. 2. Its gotta be clean, everything must be readable by ladies and kids. 3. Nothing Illegal. Websites that ya’ll think should be added to our website list, had better not have any pornography. Thems the rules.

Also please think about ways you can get this newsletter to people on the streets, I don’t have the $$$ to try and print this newsletter, so we’re back to underground spreading i.e. under windshield wipers in a parking lot, on a park bench or dropped in the break room at work. Just some ideas.


Spy Imagery Agency Watching Inside U.S.

Associated Press Writer

BETHESDA, Md. (AP) -- In the name of homeland security, America's spy imagery agency is keeping a close eye, close to home. It's watching America. Since the Sept. 11 attacks, about 100 employees of a little-known branch of the Defense Department called the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency - and some of the country's most sophisticated aerial imaging equipment - have focused on observing what's going on in the United States.

Their work brushes up against the fine line between protecting the public and performing illegal government spying on Americans.

Roughly twice a month, the agency is called upon to help with the security of events inside the United States. Even more routinely, it is asked to help prepare imagery and related information to protect against possible attacks on critical sites.

For instance, the agency has modified basic maps of the nation's capital to highlight the location of hospitals, linking them to data on the number of beds or the burn unit in each. To secure the Ronald Reagan funeral procession, the agency merged aerial photographs and 3D images, allowing security planners to virtually walk, drive or fly through the Simi Valley, Calif., route.

The agency is especially watchful of big events or targets that might attract terrorists - political conventions, for example, or nuclear power plants.

Everyone agrees that the domestic mission of the NGA has increased dramatically in the wake of Sept. 11, even though laws and carefully crafted regulations are in place to prevent government surveillance aimed at Americans.

The agency is not interested in information on U.S. citizens, stresses Americas office director Bert Beaulieu. "We couldn't care less about individuals and people and companies," he said.

But that's not good enough for secrecy expert Steven Aftergood, who oversees a project on government secrecy for the Federation of American Scientists. "What it all boils down to is 'Trust us. Our intentions are good,'" he said.

Adds Marc Rotenberg, executive director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington: "As a general matter, when there are systems of public surveillance, there needs to be public oversight."

Geospatial intelligence is the science of combining imagery, such as satellite pictures, to physically depict features or activities happening anywhere on the planet.

Outside the United States, it can be a powerful tool for war planners who may use imagery to measure soil wetness to determine if tanks could travel an area. It can help weapons proliferation experts look for ground disturbances that can indicate new underground bunkers.

Before Sept. 11, the NGA's domestic work often meant things like lending a hand during natural disasters by supplying pictures of wildfires and floods.

But now the agency's new Americas Office has been called on to assemble visual information on more than 130 urban areas, among scores of other assignments, including maps of the national mall, the country's high-voltage transmission lines and disaster exercises.

Sometimes, agency officials may cooperate with private groups, such as hotel security offices, to get access to video footage of lobbies and hallways. That footage can then be connected with other types of maps used to secure events - or to take action, if a hostage situation or other catastrophe happens.

The level of detail varies widely, depending on the threat and what the FBI or another agency needs.

"In most cases, it's not intrusive," said the NGA's associate general counsel, Laura Jennings. "It is information to help secure an event and to have people prepared to respond should there be an attack, or to analyze the area where a threat has been made."

According to Executive Order 12333, signed by President Reagan in 1981, members of the U.S. intelligence community can collect, retain and pass along information about U.S. companies or people only in certain cases.

Information that is publicly available or collected with the consent of the individual is fair game, as is information acquired by overhead reconnaissance not directed at specific people or companies.

The NGA says it has aggressive internal oversight and its employees go through annual training on what is and isn't allowed.

"If they deviated from their own rules, how would it be discovered?" asks secrecy expert Aftergood. "I am not satisfied that they have an answer to that question."

One oversight committee in Congress noticed after Sept. 11 that an intelligence agency was snapping pictures of the United States, said a congressional aide, speaking on condition of anonymity. A staff member is now monitoring the issue, and the aide said so far problems have not been spotted.

But Aftergood notes that while intelligence budgets have increased dramatically in the last five years, congressional oversight budgets have not.

Even the agency concedes gray areas do emerge.

Generally, for example, intelligence resources can't be used for law enforcement purposes. So the FBI or another agency could use an NGA-produced aerial photograph to solve a domestic crime. But the NGA couldn't take actions to target a specific individual, such as highlight a suspect's home, unless the information was linked directly to a national security issue.

Agency officials call that "passive assistance" and say certain legal tests must be met.

Law enforcement officials occasionally ask if the agency has information that could provide evidence about a crime - say, for example, whether a white truck was at a location at a certain time, Beaulieu said hypothetically.

"Yes, we will do a check," he said. "But I can't remember a single case where we actually even had an image for that day."

Jennings concedes that toeing such fine lines can be difficult.

"We look, we check, and it just so happens that we haven't had a situation where there is a smoking gun," she said. "We would analyze each one, case by case."

"Everybody wants to do the right thing and provide the information that is appropriate without overstepping their authority," she later added.

The NGA says it is working to build trust - with the public and with private companies.

Before Sept. 11, for instance, chemical plants and other critical sites weren't as cooperative as they are today, out of fear that aerial photographs might be shared with federal environmental regulators. NGA officials say the Homeland Security Department has been careful to protect proprietary information.

What if NGA analysts were to see an environmental crime?

"I don't think any of my people know enough to know an environmental crime," Beaulieu said.


What is the militia?

Put together by the Admin. Over at A Well Regulated Militia

A Well Regulated Militia:

Go look in the mirror and you will have the answer. The militia, contrary to the insistence of the media, is not an "anti-government hate group." It is not a group of uneducated, backwoods, inbred, hicks who date their sisters. It is not made up of malcontents bent on destroying America. Militiamen are not misfits, they are not psychologically damaged mental defectives.

They are you...

The unorganized militia (legally speaking) is made up of "...all able bodied males between the ages of 17 and 45..." We are all militia. You, me, your dad, your neighbor, your brother, your boss, your dry cleaner, the mail man, the stock boy at the grocery store, the cook at your favorite restaurant, and the cable guy are all members of the unorganized militia.

You might be asking scratching your head thinking that we don't need a militia...what good can they do anyway. You ask, and I'll answer... It was the unorganized militia that brought down that plane in Pennsylvania on September 11 and prevented it from reaching it's target. Now I'll bet your saying, "What? Huh? That was just ordinary people." My point exactly. Ordinary people are the militia.

But, don't take my word for it, read the words of the founding fathers:

"Who are the militia? Are they not ourselves? Is it feared, then, that we shall turn our arms each man against his own bosom? Congress shall have no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and every other terrible implement of the soldier, are the birthright of an American ... The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state governments, but where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the People."
Tench Coxe, 1788.

"And what country can preserve its liberties, if its rulers are not warned from time to time that this people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms...the tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time, with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is its natural manure."

Thomas Jefferson

"Today, we need a nation of Minutemen, citizens who are not only prepared to take arms, but citizens who regard the preservation of freedom as the basic purpose of their daily life and who are willing to consciously work and sacrifice for that freedom."

John F. Kennedy

(okay, so JFK was't a founding father, but this quote is just as valid as any)

Or if you would rather, take a look at the actual legal definition of the militia as set forth in the United States Code:

Section 311 of US Code Title 10, entitled, "Militia: composition and classes" in its entirety:

"(a) The militia of the United States consists of all able-bodied males at least 17 years of age and, except as provided in section 313 of title 32, under 45 years of age who are, or who have made a declaration of intention to become, citizens of the United States and of female citizens of the United States who are members of the National Guard.

The classes of the militia are –

(1) the organized militia, which consists of the National Guard and the Naval Militia; and

(2) the unorganized militia, which consists of the members of the militia who are not members of the National Guard or the Naval Militia."

Still doubtful? Check it out for yourself at

Now that we have covered what the militia is, you are probably wondering what it has to do with you. We have already established that every member of American society is in fact militia. You can stop now, and leave this site, and nothing will change, you will go about your life, but you will still be a member of the militia, the choice to take that responsibility seriously is one that all militiamen have to make on their own.

How does one "take the responsibility seriously?" Train. Simply owning a gun does not a minuteman make. Owning arms is the birthright of every American, and the duty of every militiaman, but it does not end there. In order to be a more effective militiaman, you must train. The extent and depth of that training is entirely up to you. If you own a rifle, and you take it to the range and practice, you have taken part in militia training. If you take to the hills for a camping or hiking trip, you have completed militia training.

This site is dedicated to training the militiaman, be he/she a member of an organized group, or out on his/her own. We also provide space for individuals to link up with an organized group, as well as a place to share information about such training.

Taking our cues from the business world, this site aims to create a network of Patriots across the country. Our shared knowledge is put on the table to be a benefit to all in our endeavor to preserve Liberty.

Now get out there and train....

Weapons & Equipment for the Modern Day Militiaman

by SKS Carbine

Hi, I’m SKS carbine. I’m a Patriot and proud of it. I wish to inform you, the reader, that we are not psychos or racists. If that was the case I wouldn’t be part of the movement. I’m a Cuban American. Hispanic, so that right there should tell you something. We are citizens like you that wish to return America to her proud and proper self. Before the liberals and communist destroyed what once was a great nation. If you are interested in becoming a patriot—This article should help. You are the reason why I wrote it. This article is to inform you about what equipment is out there for you. And what you can use. I’m not an expert at anything, but I still try to share what knowledge I do have. So I hope this helps in informing you. Thanks.
-SKS Carbine

(1) Uniforms

Why would I need a set of uniforms?

Well do you want to run naked in a combat zone? I think not, and besides, you blend in better. Unless, of course you want the enemy to drop dead from seeing you nude. Ok let’s get down to business here shall we. There are so many sets of B.D.U.s (Battle Dress Uniform) out there it’s not even funny. But I will still try to help you out in your choices. First we have the current day US Army uniform. Woodland BDUs. You can find these in just about any Army/Navy store or even some places like Walmart or K-Mart. These can be used in just about any wooded environment. They were made for the European battle of WWIII. But since it never happened, the Army has discovered that they work just about everywhere. We also have a set that looks like Woodland, but the pattern is smaller. It goes by two names. Erdual (pronounced as Err-Dull) or it’s more common name. Ranger-Camo. Erdual is its proper name. This also works for a wooded environment, but was designed and made for the swamps and rice paddies of Vietnam. If you live in the southeast like Florida or Alabama, this set of BDUs will work great.

What else is there for the swamps?

Well you also have Tiger-Stripes. Also a designed picked up from Vietnam. Tiger-Stripes has evolved into their own class, I will discuss that later. There is a set of all-purpose BDUs. You have Olive Drab Green, Brown, Grey, Black, Navy Blue, and Tan. The colors work for different areas. You wouldn’t use Tan for a wooded area. Nor would you use OD Green for a desert area. For urban areas you use Gray, Black, Navy Blue and a couple of sets of urban camouflage. One look’s just like Woodland but its in grays, blacks, dark whites. Tiger-Stripe is also in urban colors. For desert you have three choices. 1st Gulf War era BDUs, otherwise known as Chocolate-Chip Desert or six tone Desert camo, Modern day DCUs or three tone desert camo, or US Marine Marpat Digital. Marpat Digital are also found in Wooded and Urban sets too.

But what about this green set thats called Night Time Desert?

That set that you’ve seen was made to fool Iraqi Night Vision Goggles. They work great for wooded areas, but the were meant to be worn over your uniform. And worn as regular set of uniforms, it won’t work. They only have a drawstring for the pants and Velcro for the shirt. They don’t even have pockets. But if you don’t like the three tone or six tone sets you can use Czech desert Camo, they were made for the Czech army in the 1st Gulf War, but they are now on the market as military surplus.

Ok, but what’s all this foreign stuff I’m seeing.

Well for foreign camo sets you have the following. British DPSM or they’re version of woodland, also very good. Russian Scotch -Field RVS, the soviet version of woodland also. Flectar camo, which is from West Germany, a very popular camo set both because of price and use in wooded areas. The only reason why the Germans aren’t using it is because it looks too much like Waffen-SS splinter camo, and it’s against German Law for the Military to have anything that looks like Nazi clothing. So they dumped it on the market. You also have East German Splinter/Rain camo. That works more in my opinion for urban/lightly wooded areas. There is also a set of Rhodesian Scout camo, it’s a cross between woodland and tiger-stripe. There is also French lizard camo, it’s a clone of the Rhodesian Scout camo. Both work great in swamp/forested areas. There is the Swiss Aplenflage camo, but that works only during Fall. Why? Because the color of that set are just like the leaves of a tree during Fall.

What if I don’t want to wear a set of BDUs. I want a set of Coveralls or maybe a flight suit.

Well, you’re in luck; most companies make jump suits in most patterns. Woodland, Alpenflage, Tiger-Stripe, Flectar, Tan, OD Green, Black, Navy Blue, and Marpat.

Ok, you said you would talk more about Tiger-Stripe.

Well, tiger-stripe has become very popular. Companies make it in every pattern out there. Desert, woodland, urban, black, and now the US Air Force has adopted it, but in a blue/gray tone. Also the US Army is making it’s own set of digitals. They look like a cross between Waffen-SS Splinter and US Marine Marpat.

(2) Equipment

Ok, I understand the uniforms. But what do I use for equipment?

Well you have a couple of choices out there. First I’ll start with the LBE (load bearing equipment). The LBE is what you use to carry your magazines, water, food, tools, and other things. Like maps, first aid, and compass. The best one out there in my opinion is the US ALICE system. It’s very modular and also very cheap. You can use a pistol belt; H or Y style harness or even a LBV (load bearing vest). For just the belt and harness or vest. You can customize till the end of tomorrow. Or if money is really tight, you can use foreign equipment, like East German, Bulgarian, Swiss, Swedish, British, or Israeli. Most things can be mixed and matched, except for the Israeli and British equipment. There are also two other sets that American Armed forces are trying out. MOLLE and CFP-90. Both are great but also very expensive. So I would stick with the ALICE gear. The only thing from the MOLLE gear that I would use is the Camel Pack Hydration System. It’s a small backpack that holds water. Much more convenient than a canteen. I would carry a camel pack plus two canteens; more water is always better.

Now for your Ruck Sack, which is a large book bag. It carries all of you non-combat items like tents, cooking gear, and spare clothing. You can also use the ALCIE Ruck, cheap and works great. There is also a bunch of foreign stuff out there. Experiment and try out new things. It might work for you.

Helmets. You have a bunch to choose from Steel or Kevlar. Steel is cheaper but not as strong. Kevlar will stop a bullet. The only two kevlar helmets I will use are the American PASGT helmet or the British/Israeli helmet. The American M1 Steel helmet is also a good system if you can’t afford the Kevlar, plus you can cook food in it. Bullet - proof vests. The only bulletproof vests out there are made for pistol calibers. The big military ones that you see are fragmentation vests. They are designed to stop shrapnel not bullets. The military bulletproof vests can’t be sold to civilians.

Boots. What type boots are out there? Well, you have a lot. You have calve length combat boots, jack boots or Nazi goose steppers as they’re called. Ankle length boots. And also the sneaker/combat boot. For the last ones, they are designed for urban/police type action, not wooded areas. Ankle boots are also worn with leggings or gaiters. Jack boots just plain suck. The best one in my opinion are the calve length boots. You have a ton to choose from, jungle boots, all leather boots, Russian jump-boots, British combat boots, Cold weather boots. The list goes on and on. My three choices are the US Army all leather combat boots with the Jeep tread, Jungle Boot Type II with Ameri-tread, and the US Army Jump Marl II boot. The all leather and jump boot keep your feet warm in cold weather, the jungle boots are great for summer. They are also lighter.

(3) Pistols

What about guns, we need arms to fight right?

What weapons are suitable for such tasks? Double Action Revolvers, Single Action Semi-Autos, and Double Action Semi-Autos. Okay that’s nice, but how about some examples. For revolvers you have the Ruger Security Six in .38 Special and .357 Magnum, Smith & Wesson Model 10 in .38 S&W and .38 Special, and the Smith & Wesson Model 625 in .45 ACP. Okay. Fine, is there anything I should know about the combat revolvers. Yes, Most revolvers either hold six or five rounds of ammunition and some like the Smith & Wesson Model 625 in .45 ACP require “moon clips” to load and hold the ammunition. Last but not least the reloading speed of the revolver is slower than that of most Semi-Auto pistols on the market today. You can use “Speed Loaders” but you still will not get the reloading speed of a Semi-Auto. On the other side though, you can shoot a far greater amount of different ammunition from a Revolver. Also they are easier in terms of handling and care.

Okay, I’m sold on the revolvers. But what about these Semi-Autos you mentioned.

Well you have the Single Action(SA) and Double Action(DA) Semi-Auto. Wait a second here. What’s the difference? Okay, Single Action means that you have to manual work the weapon to cock or charge it to get it to fire. You have to Cock the hammer back, so when you pull the trigger, it will release the hammer and strike the firing pin. On Double Action pistols all you have to do is pull the trigger. That will move the hammer to a point and then release it, letting it strike the firing pin. I’ll start with Single action pistols first.

(SA) You have a large selection out there today for SA pistols. There is the Colt 1911A1 in .45 ACP, the CZ 52 in 7.62X25mm, the Browning Hi-Power in 9X19mm, TT-33 Tokerov in 7.62X25, and many more. These are just a few to name. Okay, what makes them so good? Well, for one thing, reloading the weapon is far faster. Just put in a fresh magazine and there you go, good as new. More compact than most large frame revolvers. And last but not least, higher ammunition capacity. Out of these pistols that I have mentioned only one carries over ten rounds, and that is the Browning Hi-Power. The reason is that the Browning works off a double stack magazine and the others work off a single stack magazine. Wait, there’s more of this single double crap again. I’m getting confused. Okay, a single stack magazine holds the cartridges one on top of the other, but the double stack holds them in a staggered pattern. Almost side by side, hence the “double stack” term. All other SA pistols carry eight rounds. Okay I understand that. Thanks. But I also want some examples about the DA pistols. Sure, no problem.

For DA pistols you have the Walther P-38 in 9X19mm, Berreta M92FS in 9X19mm, PM Makarov in 9X18mm, Walther PP in 9mm Kurtz. Glock 19 in 9X19mm, Glock 21 in .45 ACP, Glock 23 in .40 S&W, Smith & Wesson/Walther P99 in 9X19mm, Berreta M96 in .40 S&W, Smith & Wesson Model 1070 in 10mm, and the Ruger series pistol (I cannot remember the model number) in .45 ACP. And this is just a fragment of what available on the market today. Wow, that’s a lot of pistols. Great, now which ones are single stack and double stack? Okay the single stack pistols you have the Walther P-38, Walther PP, and PM Makarov. And the others mentioned are all double-stack. Gee, thanks for the info, but I know that there are other types of firearms out there. All right. I’ll talk about the other ones too.

(4) Shotguns

So you want to know more. Okay. There are firearms out there called shotguns. They fire either a group of small pellets, or as its called, “shot”. They can also fire one solid projectile called a “slug”. Okay, but what types of shotguns are out there? Well for this article I will only mention two. Pump or Slide action and Semi-Auto. Pump Actions work by a manual action. It means that you have to slide or pump the action to chamber a fresh round and cock the hammer. They have a slower rate of reloading, but if you have a dud in the chamber, you can empty it quicker than with a Semi-Auto Shotgun. Also the pump action is far easier in terms of parts and cleaning. Okay, I understand but how does the shotgun hold its ammunition? Well, it can hold its ammo in two ways, either by a tubular magazine or a box magazine. A tubular magazine is just a tube with a spring inside. The tube is under the barrel of the shotgun and it cannot be removed unless the weapon is taken apart. A box magazine, works just like a semi-auto pistol magazine. You just slap it in and presto! You weapon has ammunition. Okay, but what type of pump actions are there? There is the Winchester 1897 Trench Gun in 12 Gauge, the Remmington Model 870 Magnum Express in both 20 Gauge and 12 Gauge, Mossburg 500 in 12 Gauge, and the Benneli Nova in 12 Gauge. All are excellent pump action shotguns. Thanks. Now tell me about the Semi-Auto Shotguns. It seems someone is getting interested in firearms. Okay I’ll tell.

Semi-Auto should be self-explanatory. The weapon holds its ammunition the same way as a pump action shotgun. Okay, tell me which ones there are. Tell me now or the frog gets it. Okay, first put down the frog. Great now that crisis is over. You have the Remmington Model 1100 in 12 Gauge, Bennelie M1 Super 90 in both 20 Gauge and 12 Gauge, Sagia (cannot remember the model number) in 20 Gauge, Bennelie M4 in 12 Gauge, and the Browning Auto-5 in both 20 Gauge and 12 Gauge. All are have tubular magazines expect the Sagia. For combat proposes your shotgun should be loaded with either Buck-Shot or Slug. Buck-Shot is a Pellet Shotgun Shell that is used for deer and large game hunting. It also works great against criminals, home invaders, and girl scouts. Slugs just work great period. Really, girl scouts are a problem in your area. Ya, I owe them about $2000.00 dollars for cookies. But it’s all one big scam. They lace their cookies with crack cocaine. So you just buy more and more and more. Anyway, next subject.

(5) Rifles

Okay freaks and geeks; let’s get down to rifles here. We have three common types.

(A) Lever Action.

Bolt Action. And, © Semi-Auto. Section © should be self-explanatory in terms of the mechanical action. Lever Action Rifles, you’ve all seen them. Watch a John Wayne Western and you’ll see it. You mean the one that has that funky handle on the bottom that he moves every time he shoots. Yup. That’s the one. A LA rifles (No, not Los Angeles-- Lever Action.) works the same way as a pump action shotgun or bolt-action rifle. It’s a manually operated rifle. You must work the action every time you wish to fire the weapon. Some LA rifles have an open hammer that you can cock your self, but you still need to work the action to chamber a fresh round. Okay, how does it hold its ammo and what models are there? Well, it either has a tubular magazine or a box magazine. And that should be self-explanatory. You have the Winchester 94 in .30-30 Caliber, Henry Gold in .357 Magnum, and also the Marlin 1895 Guide Gun in .45-70 Government. Okay, but you said that you would only discuss combat arms not hunting rifles. Well a rifle is a little different than a shotgun or pistol. You can scope all of these rifles and make them long-range hitters. Also if you want to get a friend into shooting, a non-evil looking lever action can do the trick.

(B) Next we have the bolt-action rifle.

All of you’ve ever seen any WWI or WWII like movies “Band of Bothers” or “Saving Private Ryan” than you’ve seen a bolt-action rifle. It’s also portrayed in many movies as a sniper rifle. A BA rifle works by either a turn bolt or a straight-pull bolt. The turn bolt is an action that must first be turned than pulled back and than pushed forward to chamber a fresh round and cock the weapon. A straight-pull bolt is a bolt action that you just pull back and then forward. BA rifles are loaded in one of three ways, internal magazine, removable box magazine, or an En-Bloc Clip. The En-Bloc Clip is a piece of steal that holds the cartridges in the rifle. With out it the rifle will not work. Much the same way that the Smith & Wesson Model 625 will not work without the moon clips. Okay, what type of straight-pull bolt action rifles are there? You have one of these two rifles. The Styer M98 carbine in 8X56mm Rimmed, or the Schmidt-Ruben K31 in 6.5mm Swiss. Both are excellent rifles but the ammunition is not that common but you can find deals for bulk purchases from places like CHEAPER THAN DIRT and SPORTSMANS GUIDE. Also the Styer is En-Bloc Clip fed. For turn bolt rifles, you have the Enfield Mk 4 No.1 in .303 British or .308 Winchester, the Mauser 98K Karabiner rifle in 7.92x57mm, the Israeli Mauser 98K in 7.62X51mm, the Mosin-Nagant Rifle 7.62x54mm Rimmed, the M1903 Springfield in .30-06 Springfield, Spanish Ovedo Mauser in 7mm Spanish, the M1917 Enfield in .30-06, the P14 Rifle in .303 British, and last but not least, the Yugoslav M48 Mauser in 7.92X57mm. There is a large selection of bolt actions rifle and all listed here are Military surplus, so the cost should not be that high for a rifle or caliber.

(C) Ok last but not least, Semi-Auto rifles.

You have a wide selection to choose from here. You have the AR-15 Rifle in 5.56X45mm, Israeli Galil in both 5.56X45mm and 7.62X51mm, AK-47 Rifle in 7.62X39mm, Ruger Mini-14 Rifle in .233 Remmington, Ruger Mini-30 Rifle in 7.62X39mm, AK-74 in 5.45X39mm, FN FAL Rifle in 7.62X51mm, Springfield M1A Rifle in .308 Winchester, M1 Carbine in .30 Carbine, CAR-15 in 9X19mm, La France AR Carbine in .45 ACP. Berreta CX4 Storm in 9X19mm and .40 S&W, Spanish CETME in 7.62X51mm, H&K G3 in 7.62X51mm, SVT-40 in 7.62X54mm Rimmed, M1 Garand in .30-06 Springfield, SKS carbine in 7.62X39mm, Walther G41 in 7.92X57mm, FN-49 in 7.92X57/.30-06 Springfield/7.62X51mm, and the Stoner AR-10 in 7.62X51mm. All are magazine feed rifles expect for the M1 Garand which utilizes the En-Bloc system. The SKS Carbine and FN-49 uses a permanent box magazine attached to the rifle. It is loaded by stripper clips. Wow, that’s a big selection. Let me guess. Those are all also military rifles too. Yup, and they all work great.

(6) Ammunition

Okay now that we have the weapons out of the way, let’s talk about ammo. 9mm Kurtz, 9X18mm, 9X19mm, .38 S&W, .38 Special, .357 Magnum, 7.62X25mm, .40 S&W, 10mm, and .45 ACP are all pistol caliber. Some are also used in rifles. But they were designed for pistols. These cartridges are also listed from smallest to largest.

For shotguns you have the 20 gauge and the 12 gauge. 20 gauge is the smaller of the two.

For rifles you have 5.45X39mm, 5.56X45mm, 6.5mm Swiss, 7mm Spanish, .30 Carbine, 7.62X39, .30-30 Caliber, 7.62X51mm, .30-06 Springfield, .303 British, 7.62X54mm Rimmed, 7.92X57mm, .45-70 Government, and 8X56mm Rimmed. All of these cartridges are great for “human” sized targets. Some of the larger ones work great for deer and hog too.

For your ammo, you can use a verity of types. FMJ (Full Metal Jacket), JHP (Jacketed Hallow Points), or AP (Armor Piercing). FMJ ammo is cheaper and it will also feed better than JHP. JHP is designed to deliver hydrostatic shock to the target, Hydrostatic shock is the force of the bullet being transferred to the flesh of the target. In simple words. It makes a far more deadly wound. AP is made to pierce bulletproof vests and hardened targets. But it’s also illegal in most places.

Well, I hope that this article has helped you in gaining some information about what type of gear and firearms are available for you to purchase. And remember; you can always just go to WWW.YAHOO.COM or WWW.GOOGLE.COM and type in the name of the equipment, rifle, or the cartridge and you will find more information. Thanks for reading.

SKS Carbine
American, Cuban, Patriot, Gun Owner.


Roast Racoon with Sweet Potato, Sausage, and corn Bread Stuffing

Thanks to Blue Gecko for this!

4-5 yams or large sweet potatoes
6 Tb soft butter
1/2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp pepper
5-7 lb dressed raccoon
1/2 lb sausage meat
1 medium onion, chopped
1 cup chopped celery
1/4 cup cream
1 1/2-2 cups cornbread crumbs
2 tsp Dalmation rubbed sage
1 tsp marjoram
1/2 tsp mace
1 Tb Grand Marnier or 1/4 cup orange juice
1 cup red wine

Boil yams in their jackets for 35-40 minutes, skin, mash and whip with 3 tbs butter
salt amd pepper the racoon inside and out.
In the the remaining butter cook the sausage meat until it is brown, then saute' the onion and celery.
In a bowl thoroughly mix the mashed yams, sausage, and vegetables with all of the remaining ingredients except wine.
Stuff the coon and sew up the belly vent, place on rack, and roast uncovered in a 300 degree oven for 45 minutes to the pound.
Turn the animal when half done and baste frequently with wine and , later, with wine and the pan juices.


Are You Prepared for a Cold Winter and Power Outages?

By Byron Kirkwood

In July (note: 1996), Annie received information that this winter will bring

"heavy-wet snow" and that "roofs will collapse ... some in shopping centers ...

unusually heavy snows" and that we may even have a white Christmas in areas of

the country that normally wouldn't. Our Northeastern Oklahoma (and Arkansas) was one area she felt might have a white Christmas. She generally felt that the whole US will have an unusually cold winter with ice storms, extending as far south as Austin, Texas. And that in some areas (Dallas was mentioned) that there will be several ice storms that come "like waves."

Already we have seen unusually heavy snow in many parts of the country. And while I was working on this newsletter, we had an ice and snow storm that went as far south as Dallas (CNN reported it as going from Michigan to Texas). Will the rest of the winter bear out these predictions? We don't have any way of knowing. But the best approach is to prepared for the worst and hope for the best.

A good approach to preparing for any emergency is to do a simple risk analysis for your area of the country and for any expected situation. Consider what might happen to cause an emergency? In preparing for a cold winter, what might happen to warrant it being considered an emergency?

First, power outages are likely during winter storms. Snow builds up on tree limbs; they break off and fall into power lines, disrupting utility power. Or ice builds up on power lines, causing them to break.

An extremely cold winter storm may cause water pipes to freeze, disrupting water availability or later breaking when it warms up and the pipes thaw.

When winter storms are forecast, it is normal to go to the grocery store and stock up on food and other supplies. If there are large amounts of snow or ice, it may disrupt travel both for us and for trucks which replace the store's inventory.

Most of what I've discussed is just common sense and anyone that's been through a major winter storm will likely already know this. But this is being given both as a review to prepare for the upcoming winter, and an example of how to do a simple risk analysis that might apply to any situation.

Now that we've done our risk analysis for a potential winter storm, we need to be prepared to handle: power outages, which means we may lose the ability to heat ourselves (with an electrical-based heating system). We will lose normal lighting. If you have a well driven by an electric pump, as we do, you lose your normal water supply. If you lose your water supply you need water to drink, wash with, and for toilet flushing. If the winter conditions make driving impossible, or so dangerous it's not worth attempting, you may need additional food supplies.

To prepare, we need to plan for: light, heat, water, food, electricity (optionally), and communications--in that order. You may have noticed that I ranked light before heat, and yet, if you are cold you will want to get warm as soon as possible. But if the power goes out at night, you will need a flashlight or other light source to find adequate clothing and/or build a fire (or to light another emergency heat source).

What forms of lighting devices should we consider? First, everyone should have a flashlight with good batteries near their bed, to be prepared for any emergency that might happen at night. And if you are concerned about not having fresh batteries when you need them, there are dynamo hand-pump flashlights, like the popular DynaLight, that does not require batteries. Chemical breaklights are another good option for emergencies, especially if there is any danger of a gas leak, as they don't generate a spark or have a flame that might ignite escaping gas. If gas leaks are not a concern, consider candles and kerosene lanterns (with a supply of kerosene). And of course battery lanterns are good, assuming the batteries are good and you have spares if needed. Now for heat. We need heat to warm ourselves and to prepare food. If your house is equipped with a fireplace or wood-burning stove, you need a good supply of wood on hand. If you have camping equipment, you may already have a camp stove that burns either white gas or propane. Have it handy, along with a supply of the proper fuel. There are camping-style propane heaters that are available. These are designed to operate from a single, small disposable propane cylinder (14 or 16 oz). Typically the heaters will provide heat for 5 to 10 hours per cylinder. With an adapter you can use the larger bulk propane tanks, like the ones on your outdoor propane cooker. And for a small heat and cooking source, there is an Emergency Heat and Snap-On Stove unit that uses a gelled ethanol fuel. A 16-ounce can will burn for approximately four hours.

Now for water. The best thing you can do to prepare for almost any emergency is to put up a supply of stored water. It is recommended that you have at least one gallon (preferably two gallons) of water, per person, per day, with a recommended two weeks supply. For two people this is 28 gallons (minimum). Probably the most readily available and inexpensive containers to store water are the 2-liter soft drink containers. Be sure and wash them thoroughly. For stored water add 8 drops of clorox bleach, or use 6 drops of the Aerobic 07, that is commercially available. Fill the containers to the drop to remove any air deposits. Store off the floor, out of direct sunlight, in a relatively cool location. There are also commercially available containers made especially for storing and transporting water.

Now for food. Your pantry is your first supply of food for most emergencies. Obviously, if you don't have a good supply of food in your panty when a winter storm is forecast, go to the store and stock up. Especially consider canned items that can be eaten without being heated. If power fails keep the refrigerator door closed as long as possible. One advantage of a power failure in a cold winter (in contrast to summer) is that you can move the food in your refrigerator outside to a secure area (such as a garage or closed-in porch) to prolong its life. Consider what food you currently have on-hand and what you might need to handle a two-week period.

I mentioned electricity as an option. If you can afford a generator and have a place to keep it, you may choose to have a backup electrical generator. But the details about selecting and using a generator requires more explanation than I can cover in this short newsletter article. Another option for limited electricity is a portable emergency power system, such as the Powerizer to handle small power requirements.

And finally I mentioned communications. The minimum every family should have is a small portable AM/FM receiver to be able to get news about how widespread the problem is, and what is being done about it. The combination solar/dynamo powered radios are excellent in this type of situation, since they don't depend on having batteries on-hand.

I hope this helps you start thinking about the things you should do, if and when, this cold winter turns into an emergency.


Joke of the Month:

A drunk walked into a bar crying. One of the other men in the bar asked him what happened.

"I did a terrible thing," sniffed the drunk, "Just a few hours ago I sold my wife to someone for a bottle of Southern Comfort."

"That is awful," said the other guy, "And now that she is gone you want her back right?"

"Right!" said the drunk, still crying.

"You're sorry you sold her because you realized, too late, that you still loved her, right?"

"Oh, No," said the drunk. I want her back because I'm thirsty again!"


part 6

by airforce

I thought it might be a good idea to take a little breather in this series, and make a few comments about earlier installments.

Living Off the War

I still hear talk of how guerrillas are supposed to "live off the war." This just is not going to happen.

Yes, I know, this is in an old Special Forces field manual that came out decades ago. I almost choked when I read that paragraph myself; at that very time, my occupation was getting equipment and supplies to Special Forces units. So much for Green Berets "living off the war."

Unless you plan on branching out into banditry, kidnapping for ransom, or smuggling (as a lot of "armies of liberation" have done), you are not going to re-supply yourself solely by raiding enemy convoys. Forget you ever read this in that manual.

Action Covers

The late 70's was not a good time to be in the military in Germany. With inflation running about 15% and interest rates about 22%, President Jimmy Carter the Peanut Farmer was capping military pay raises at 5%. Even as an E-6, I would have qualified for food stamps--except that no GI's stationed overseas could get them.

In response, a buddy and I came up with our own plan to help feed our families--snaring rabbits and squirrels, and occasionally ducks and geese, in the forest that adjoined our kaserne just outside Hanau, Germany.

This plan, however, was not without risk. The fine for poaching started at 10,000DM, over $6000, and forstmeisters are very familiar with their territory. We were confident that we could place our snares in such a way they would not be discovered, but we thought it advisable to come up with an "action cover" to use any time we ran into someone in the forest.

Suddenly, the two of us became birdwatchers. Armed with a secondhand bird guide and a couple old pairs of binoculars, we became a familiar sight in the woods. Whenever we ran into the forstmeister, we would tell him excitedly about the straddle-legged sapsucker we had just seen.

He would always greet us warmly, and occasionally offered us a bottle of beer out of his pack. He never suspected that wasn't the only thing we were taking out of the woods.

Bird-watching was not only a good action cover, but it became an interesting real-life hobby. I actually did become a birdwatcher--and, if need be, I could still use it as an action cover.

Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping

This is a good idea for survivalists, but a lousy one for militiamen on deployment. Remember, you will never have enough time and labor to do everything you need to do in preparation for combat. Every hour spent looking for food is an hour not spent on digging fortifications, improving camouflage, gathering intelligence, maintaining equipment, or resting.

These things can certainly be done in preparation for deployment though, and the sooner the better. As all of us know by now, keeping a militia squad in the field for any length of time is expensive. If we can save a few hundred dollars a year by raising a garden and hunting rabbits (and not spending our hard-earned FRN's at McDonald's), that gives us that much more to spend for better weapons, ammunition, and clothing.

Best of all, we can think of the money we save as being before-tax dollars earned. It's money we don't pay taxes earning, and we don't spend money on sales taxes. Consider it a win-win situation.

All of us know we should have a food reserve set aside for our families in case of emergency, but I suspect few of us have actually done so. This is an excellent way to set aside a food reserve, and to hone our survival skills at the same time.

A thread has already been started on food preservation here. When I get time, I'll do a thread on snaring game. It is indeed an effective game-getter, but perhaps not as simple as some would-be survivors seem to think.

Some Thoughts on the Auxiliary

I suspect that most folks think of the militia "auxiliary" as being made up largely of folks who are too old and too decrepit (in other words, people like myself) to do anything other than militia support or militia service support. This is just my opinion, but I don't think it will be quite that simple. In fact, in many cases, the line between militia and auxiliary will be very faint, or even nonexistent.

Many, many duties commonly associated with combat support or combat service support, involve hard physical labor. Also, I suspect that anyone may suddenly and unexpectedly find himself or herself in combat. (Ask Jessica Lynch about that.)

Engineers, for example, are usually regarded as a support unit. Well, ask any combat engineer just how easy it is to erect shelters, dig fortifications, and all of the other myriad things an engineering unit may be tasked to do.

Likewise, guard and sentry duty is often thought of as being "an old man's job." It is--but that old man had better be familiar with his weapon.

In other guerrilla wars, it was not unusual for older men--and women--to find themselves called into service to act as guides, interpreters, or other specialized duties, which they may be uniquely qualified for. I doubt guerrilla wars of the future will be much different.

Don't be too surprised to find some old fart suddenly leading your patrol, and don't be insulted if you are sent to the rear to do a "non-combat" job. The fellow who made that decision didn't do so lightly. Remember that every job is vital, and that there is no such thing as a non-combat job.


As always, I invite your comments and suggestions for this series. In the next installment, I will give an overview of the intelligence preparation of the battlefield.

Onward and upward,


“Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.
William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister


Civil Disobedience
part 2

by Henry David Thoreau

It is not a man's duty, as a matter of course, to devote himself to the eradication of any, even to most enormous, wrong; he may still properly have other concerns to engage him; but it is his duty, at least, to wash his hands of it, and, if he gives it no thought longer, not to give it practically his support. If I devote myself to other pursuits and contemplations, I must first see, at least, that I do not pursue them sitting upon another man's shoulders. I must get off him first, that he may pursue his contemplations too. See what gross inconsistency is tolerated. I have heard some of my townsmen say, "I should like to have them order me out to help put down an insurrection of the slaves, or to march to Mexico--see if I would go"; and yet these very men have each, directly by their allegiance, and so indirectly, at least, by their money, furnished a substitute. The soldier is applauded who refuses to serve in an unjust war by those who do not refuse to sustain the unjust government which makes the war; is applauded by those whose own act and authority he disregards and sets at naught; as if the state were penitent to that degree that it hired one to scourge it while it sinned, but not to that degree that it left off sinning for a moment. Thus, under the name of Order and Civil Government, we are all made at last to pay homage to and support our own meanness. After the first blush of sin comes its indifference; and from immoral it becomes, as it were, unmoral, and not quite unnecessary to that life which we have made.

The broadest and most prevalent error requires the most disinterested virtue to sustain it. The slight reproach to which the virtue of patriotism is commonly liable, the noble are most likely to incur. Those who, while they disapprove of the character and measures of a government, yield to it their allegiance and support are undoubtedly its most conscientious supporters, and so frequently the most serious obstacles to reform. Some are petitioning the State to dissolve the Union, to disregard the requisitions of the President. Why do they not dissolve it themselves--the union between themselves and the State--and refuse to pay their quota into its treasury? Do not they stand in same relation to the State that the State does to the Union? And have not the same reasons prevented the State from resisting the Union which have prevented them from resisting the State?

How can a man be satisfied to entertain and opinion merely, and enjoy it? Is there any enjoyment in it, if his opinion is that he is aggrieved? If you are cheated out of a single dollar by your neighbor, you do not rest satisfied with knowing you are cheated, or with saying that you are cheated, or even with petitioning him to pay you your due; but you take effectual steps at once to obtain the full amount, and see to it that you are never cheated again. Action from principle, the perception and the performance of right, changes things and relations; it is essentially revolutionary, and does not consist wholly with anything which was. It not only divided States and churches, it divides families; ay, it divides the individual, separating the diabolical in him from the divine.

Unjust laws exist: shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once? Men, generally, under such a government as this, think that they ought to wait until they have persuaded the majority to alter them. They think that, if they should resist, the remedy would be worse than the evil. But it is the fault of the government itself that the remedy is worse than the evil. It makes it worse. Why is it not more apt to anticipate and provide for reform? Why does it not cherish its wise minority? Why does it cry and resist before it is hurt? Why does it not encourage its citizens to put out its faults, and do better than it would have them? Why does it always crucify Christ and excommunicate Copernicus and Luther, and pronounce Washington and Franklin rebels?

One would think, that a deliberate and practical denial of its authority was the only offense never contemplated by its government; else, why has it not assigned its definite, its suitable and proportionate, penalty? If a man who has no property refuses but once to earn nine shillings for the State, he is put in prison for a period unlimited by any law that I know, and determined only by the discretion of those who put him there; but if he should steal ninety times nine shillings from the State, he is soon permitted to go at large again.

If the injustice is part of the necessary friction of the machine of government, let it go, let it go: perchance it will wear smooth--certainly the machine will wear out. If the injustice has a spring, or a pulley, or a rope, or a crank, exclusively for itself, then perhaps you may consider whether the remedy will not be worse than the evil; but if it is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then I say, break the law. Let your life be a counter-friction to stop the machine. What I have to do is to see, at any rate, that I do not lend myself to the wrong which I condemn.

As for adopting the ways of the State has provided for remedying the evil, I know not of such ways. They take too much time, and a man's life will be gone. I have other affairs to attend to. I came into this world, not chiefly to make this a good place to live in, but to live in it, be it good or bad. A man has not everything to do, but something; and because he cannot do everything, it is not necessary that he should be petitioning the Governor or the Legislature any more than it is theirs to petition me; and if they should not hear my petition, what should I do then? But in this case the State has provided no way: its very Constitution is the evil. This may seem to be harsh and stubborn and unconcilliatory; but it is to treat with the utmost kindness and consideration the only spirit that can appreciate or deserves it. So is all change for the better, like birth and death, which convulse the body.

I do not hesitate to say, that those who call themselves Abolitionists should at once effectually withdraw their support, both in person and property, from the government of Massachusetts, and not wait till they constitute a majority of one, before they suffer the right to prevail through them. I think that it is enough if they have God on their side, without waiting for that other one. Moreover, any man more right than his neighbors constitutes a majority of one already.

I meet this American government, or its representative, the State government, directly, and face to face, once a year--no more--in the person of its tax-gatherer; this is the only mode in which a man situated as I am necessarily meets it; and it then says distinctly, Recognize me; and the simplest, the most effectual, and, in the present posture of affairs, the indispensablest mode of treating with it on this head, of expressing your little satisfaction with and love for it, is to deny it then. My civil neighbor, the tax-gatherer, is the very man I have to deal with--for it is, after all, with men and not with parchment that I quarrel--and he has voluntarily chosen to be an agent of the government. How shall he ever know well that he is and does as an officer of the government, or as a man, until he is obliged to consider whether he will treat me, his neighbor, for whom he has respect, as a neighbor and well-disposed man, or as a maniac and disturber of the peace, and see if he can get over this obstruction to his neighborlines without a ruder and more impetuous thought or speech corresponding with his action. I know this well, that if one thousand, if one hundred, if ten men whom I could name--if ten honest men only--ay, if one HONEST man, in this State of Massachusetts, ceasing to hold slaves, were actually to withdraw from this co-partnership, and be locked up in the county jail therefor, it would be the abolition of slavery in America. For it matters not how small the beginning may seem to be: what is once well done is done forever. But we love better to talk about it: that we say is our mission. Reform keeps many scores of newspapers in its service, but not one man. If my esteemed neighbor, the State's ambassador, who will devote his days to the settlement of the question of human rights in the Council Chamber, instead of being threatened with the prisons of Carolina, were to sit down the prisoner of Massachusetts, that State which is so anxious to foist the sin of slavery upon her sister--though at present she can discover only an act of inhospitality to be the ground of a quarrel with her--the Legislature would not wholly waive the subject of the following winter.

Under a government which imprisons unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison. The proper place today, the only place which Massachusetts has provided for her freer and less despondent spirits, is in her prisons, to be put out and locked out of the State by her own act, as they have already put themselves out by their principles. It is there that the fugitive slave, and the Mexican prisoner on parole, and the Indian come to plead the wrongs of his race should find them; on that separate but more free and honorable ground, where the State places those who are not with her, but against her--the only house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with honor. If any think that their influence would be lost there, and their voices no longer afflict the ear of the State, that they would not be as an enemy within its walls, they do not know by how much truth is stronger than error, nor how much more eloquently and effectively he can combat injustice who has experienced a little in his own person. Cast your whole vote, not a strip of paper merely, but your whole influence. A minority is powerless while it conforms to the majority; it is not even a minority then; but it is irresistible when it clogs by its whole weight. If the alternative is to keep all just men in prison, or give up war and slavery, the State will not hesitate which to choose. If a thousand men were not to pay their tax bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood. This is, in fact, the definition of a peaceable revolution, if any such is possible. If the tax-gatherer, or any other public officer, asks me, as one has done, "But what shall I do?" my answer is, "If you really wish to do anything, resign your office." When the subject has refused allegiance, and the officer has resigned from office, then the revolution is accomplished. But even suppose blood shed when the conscience is wounded? Through this wound a man's real manhood and immortality flow out, and he bleeds to an everlasting death. I see this blood flowing now.

I have contemplated the imprisonment of the offender, rather than the seizure of his goods--though both will serve the same purpose--because they who assert the purest right, and consequently are most dangerous to a corrupt State, commonly have not spent much time in accumulating property. To such the State renders comparatively small service, and a slight tax is wont to appear exorbitant, particularly if they are obliged to earn it by special labor with their hands. If there were one who lived wholly without the use of money, the State itself would hesitate to demand it of him. But the rich man--not to make any invidious comparison--is always sold to the institution which makes him rich. Absolutely speaking, the more money, the less virtue; for money comes between a man and his objects, and obtains them for him; it was certainly no great virtue to obtain it. It puts to rest many questions which he would otherwise be taxed to answer; while the only new question which it puts is the hard but superfluous one, how to spend it. Thus his moral ground is taken from under his feet. The opportunities of living are diminished in proportion as that are called the "means" are increased. The best thing a man can do for his culture when he is rich is to endeavor to carry out those schemes which he entertained when he was poor. Christ answered the Herodians according to their condition. "Show me the tribute-money," said he--and one took a penny out of his pocket--if you use money which has the image of Caesar on it, and which he has made current and valuable, that is, if you are men of the State, and gladly enjoy the advantages of Caesar's government, then pay him back some of his own when he demands it. "Render therefore to Caesar that which is Caesar's and to God those things which are God's"--leaving them no wiser than before as to which was which; for they did not wish to know.

When I converse with the freest of my neighbors, I perceive that, whatever they may say about the magnitude and seriousness of the question, and their regard for the public tranquillity, the long and the short of the matter is, that they cannot spare the protection of the existing government, and they dread the consequences to their property and families of disobedience to it. For my own part, I should not like to think that I ever rely on the protection of the State. But, if I deny the authority of the State when it presents its tax bill, it will soon take and waste all my property, and so harass me and my children without end. This is hard. This makes it impossible for a man to live honestly, and at the same time comfortably, in outward respects. It will not be worth the while to accumulate property; that would be sure to go again. You must hire or squat somewhere, and raise but a small crop, and eat that soon. You must live within yourself, and depend upon yourself always tucked up and ready for a start, and not have many affairs. A man may grow rich in Turkey even, if he will be in all respects a good subject of the Turkish government. Confucius said: "If a state is governed by the principles of reason, poverty and misery are subjects of shame; if a state is not governed by the principles of reason, riches and honors are subjects of shame." No: until I want the protection of Massachusetts to be extended to me in some distant Southern port, where my liberty is endangered, or until I am bent solely on building up an estate at home by peaceful enterprise, I can afford to refuse allegiance to Massachusetts, and her right to my property and life. It costs me less in every s.....